Canadian citizens and permanent residents living in Canada, 18
years of age or older, may sponsor close relatives or family members who want to
become permanent residents of Canada. Sponsors must promise to support the relative
or family member and accompanying family members for a period of three to 10
years to help them settle in Canada.
If you live in Quebec, please contact Quebec
Immigration for information on how to sponsor a relative or family member. The
Canada-Quebec Accord provides information on Quebec's responsibilities
You can sponsor relatives or family members from abroad if they
A son or daughter is dependent when the child:
- spouses, common-law or conjugal partners 16 years of age or
- parents and grandparents;
- dependent children, including adopted children;
- children under 18 years of age whom you intend to
- brothers, sisters, nephews, nieces or grandchildren who are orphans,
under the age of 18 and not married or in a common-law relationship;
- any other relative if you have none of the above relatives or family
members, either in Canada or abroad.
- is under the age of 22 and does not have a spouse or common-law
- became a full-time student before the age of 22 and has been
substantially dependent on a parent for financial support since that time;
- is financially dependent on a parent since before the age of 22 because
of a disability.
You may also sponsor a spouse or common-law partner who has legal status in
A common-law partner is a person of the opposite or same sex with
whom you are in a conjugal relationship and who is currently cohabiting with you and has
done so for at least one year.
Sponsoring a Relative or Family Member
If you want to sponsor any of the above listed relatives or
family members, you may have to meet certain income requirements. If you have
previously sponsored relatives or family members who have received social assistance,
you may not be allowed to sponsor another person. Sponsorship is a considerable
commitment so you should take this obligation seriously.
To sponsor a relative or family member you must sign a legal
contract with the Minister of Citizenship and Immigration. This is called an
Undertaking. You must also sign a Sponsorship Agreement with your relative or family
member that outlines your mutual commitments to each other.
Applying as a Sponsored Immigrant
If you wish to become a permanent resident of Canada, your
relative or family member in Canada must first apply to sponsor you. You must be one
of the relatives or family members listed above to be eligible for
Both you and your sponsor need to sign a Sponsorship Agreement.
The Agreement outlines your mutual obligations to each other. Your sponsor must
promise to support you and your family members financially for three to 10 years so
that you will not need to apply for social assistance. You must promise to make every
effort to become self-supporting (unless you are elderly.)
Sponsorship and Immigration to Canada from
Before your relative or family member can immigrate to Canada,
you must sponsor that person. Your relative or family member must then apply for
Sponsorship and Immigration from Within
In some cases, you may sponsor a spouse or common-law partner who
is already living with you in Canada.